Churchill County is a county in the western U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,877. Its county seat is Fallon. Named for Mexican–American War hero brevet Brigadier General Sylvester Churchill, the county was formed in 1861.
The terrain of Churchill County consists of rugged mountainous ridges, dotted with lakes and ponds. The county’s east and west sides are higher than the intermediate valley; its highest point around the county periphery is a ridge on the lower east boundary line, at 9,380′ (2859m) ASL. The county has an area of 5,024 square miles (13,010 km), of which 4,930 square miles (12,800 km) is land and 94 square miles (240 km) (1.9%) is water. The county’s highest point is Desatoya Peak at 9,977′ (3041m), while the most topographically prominent peak is Mount Augusta, at 9,970′ (3039m) ASL.
As of the 2000 United States Census, the county had 23,982 people, 8,912 households, and 6,461 families. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 9,732 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²).
The country’s racial makeup was 84.20% White, 1.60% Black or African American, 4.78% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 3.22% from other races, and 3.27% from two or more races. 8.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,912 households, of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.09.
28.90% of the county’s population was under age 18, 8.10% was from age 18 to 24, 28.70% was from age 25 to 44, 22.30% was from age 45 to 64, and 11.90% was age 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.10 males.
The country’s median household income was $40,808 and the median family income was $46,624. Males had a median income of $36,478 versus $25,000 for females. The county’s per capita income was $19,264. About 6.20% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, the county had 24,877 people, 9,671 households, and 6,631 families. The population density was 5.0 inhabitants per square mile (1.9/km). There were 10,826 housing units at an average density of 2.2 per square mile (0.85/km).
The county’s racial makeup was 82.0% white, 4.5% American Indian, 2.7% Asian, 1.6% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 4.8% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.2% were English, 18.8% were German, 13.6% were Irish, 6.5% were Italian, and 5.9% were American.
Of the 9,671 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.0 years.
The county’s median household income was $51,597 and the median family income was $63,599. Males had a median income of $45,057 versus $32,550 for females. The county’s per capita income was $22,997. About 6.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.
Churchill County Nevada neighborhoods include: Auction/Allen, Bafford/Chumley, Bottom Road, Central Fallon, Hwy 117, Lahontan Dam Rd, Lahontan/Pioneer Way, Meckleys, North Rural Fallon, Out Gummow, Rice Rd, Skyridge Dr, Stillwater, The Bench, Venturaccci Lands, Western Churchill County, Whitaker