Coordinates: 39°35′55″N 119°12′54″W / 39.59861°N 119.21500°W / 39.59861; -119.21500
Fernley is a city in Lyon County, Nevada, United States, east of the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area. The city incorporated in 2001; prior to that it was a census-designated place (CDP). The population of the city was 19,368 at the 2010 census. Fernley was home to the historic and one of the first Amazon.com centers in the world, which has relocated within the metro area. Naval Air Station (TOPGUN) is the U.S. Navy’s Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center including the TOPGUN training program since 1996, when it was moved nearby from Naval Air Station Miramar. The city is home to the Reno-Fernley Raceway. Tesla Gigafactory 1, the first Tesla Gigafactory in the world, which produces Tesla vehicles & components is located nearby.
Fernley is located at the intersection of Interstate 80, U.S. Route 50 Alternate, and U.S. Route 95 Alternate (US 95A). Although it originally spanned the Lyon/Washoe County line, a county boundary change in 2005 left it entirely in Lyon County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 128.8 square miles (333.7 km), of which 122.1 square miles (316.3 km) is land and 6.7 square miles (17.4 km), or 5.22%, is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 19,368 people, 7,048 households, and 5,206 families residing in the city. The population density was 158.6 people per square mile (61.2/km²). There were 7,975 housing units at an average density of 65.3 per square mile (25.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.5% White, 1.0% Black or African American, 1.8% Native American, 6.0% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 5.7% some other race, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.4% of the population.
There were 7,048 households, out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were headed by married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74, and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.
For the period 2007-2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $52,572, and the median income for a family was $55,188. Male full-time workers had a median income of $51,081 versus $36,720 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,851. About 6.6% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.