Nellis Air Force Base (“Nellis” colloq.) is a United States Air Force installation in southern Nevada with military schools and more squadrons than any other USAF base. Nellis hosts air combat exercises such as Exercise Red Flag and close air support exercises such as Green Flag-West flown in “Military Operations Area (MOA) airspace”, associated with the nearby Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR). The base also has the Combined Air and Space Operations Center-Nellis.
Nellis AFB covers about 4,600 ha (11,300 acres) in the northeast corner of the Las Vegas Valley, an alluvial basin in the Basin and Range Province. Since World War II, Nellis has had areas added, such as Area II in 1969, but still has about 2,800 ha (7,000 acres) of undeveloped space. One World War II runway has been removed. The base has 3 areas (I, II, III). The United States Geological Survey names five different locations for the base: “Nellis Air Force Base”, the airfield, the post office, a Community College of Southern Nevada campus, and the census-designated place (CDP).
The Nellis Air Force Base CDP is a 8.0 km (3.1 sq mi) region defined by the United States Census Bureau as of the 2010 United States Census. The CDP area includes military family housing (e.g., in Nellis Areas I & III), dormitories, and lodging as for aircrew temporary quarters during Red Flag exercises. The CDP residents include a portion of the Nellis work force of ~12,000 military and civilian personnel.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,896 people, 2,873 households, and 2,146 families residing in the CDP. Population density was 2,895.9 people per square mile (1,118.8/km). There were 3,040 housing units at an average density of 989.6/sq mi (382.3/km). The gender ratio was 4813 males to 4083 females (3290:2637 for those age 18 and over). The median age was 24 years, and distribution by age group was 33.4% under the age of 18, 19.7% from 18 to 24, 38.5% from 25 to 44, 7.1% from 45 to 64, and 1.2% who were 65 years of age or older.
The racial makeup of the base was 68.5% White, 14.3% African American, 1.4% Native American, 5.0% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 4.9% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.7% of the population.
There were 2,873 households out of which 52.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. Of all households 17.9% were made up of individuals and 1.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.36.
2000 census median incomes were $33,118 (household), $34,307 (family), $25,551 (male), & $19,210 (female); and per capita income was $13,601. About 10.0% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over.
“Nellis AFB complex” refers to a group of southern Nevada military areas that are predominantly USAF and Bureau of Land Management areas outside of the base (e.g., controlled by military units at Nellis). The complex’s land areas include Nellis AFB, the USAF Nevada Test and Training Range, the active portion of the Small Arms Range Annex north of the base, the annex’s Formerly Used Defense Site of 2,337 hectares (5,775 acres) (cleared in March 1972, returned to the DoI), 13 BLM areas of 2.3 ha (5.7 acres) each leased for Patriot Radar/Communications Exercises, and other BLM sites “under Military Operations Area (MOA) airspace”. Nellis AFB also leases space at the former Las Vegas AFS, and environmental sites of the Tonopah Bombing Range (FUDS) are monitored by the EPA. Additional Formerly Used Defense Sites associated with the area’s military operations are the Nye County Areas A, G, H, & I; the “Delamar Dry Lake Test Annex” and the “Sunrise Mountain Machine Gun Range”.